RRML - Antiphosphatidylethanolamine Antibodies and Deep Vein Thrombosis in Lupus Patients with Antiphospholipid Syndrome
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Nr. 26(2)/2018 DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2018-0009
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Antiphosphatidylethanolamine Antibodies and Deep Vein Thrombosis in Lupus Patients with Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Simona Caraiola, Ciprian Jurcuț, Alina Dima, Cristian Băicuș, Anda Băicuș

Correspondence should be addressed to: Alina Dima

Abstract:

Backgroud. Which factors determine venous thrombotic events in some antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) patients and arterial thrombosis or conditions related to pregnancy in others has not been established yet. Purpose. The aim of this study was to search the antiphospholipid antibodies (APLAs) correlates in regard to deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and APS. Methods. Twenty-nine patients fulfilling the criteria of both SLE and APS were included. Complete anamnesis and clinical examination was performed on inclusion. Also, for all patients, disease activity was assessed by the SLEDAI score. An extended APLAs profile, ten Abs, was searched. Results. The titers of IgG anticardiolipin (aCL), IgG anti-β2 glycoprotein I (aβ2GPI), IgG antiphosphatidylethanolamine (aPE), and also of IgG antiprothrombin (aPT) were significant higher in patients with DVT history. After analysis by ROC curve and univariate logistic regression, the strongest association was found for IgG aPE. Also, in multivariate analysis, SLEDAI score correlated with the DVT antecedents. Conclusions. IgG aPE might be involved in DVT pathogenic pathways in patients with SLE and APS as their titers remain significantly higher in patients with previous DVT. Lupus patients with DVT events represent a subgroup of patients with more severe underlying pathology.

Keywords: antiphosphatidylethanolamine antibodies, antiphospholipid syndrome, deep vein thrombosis, systemic lupus erythematosus

Received: 16.11.2017
Accepted: 14.2.2018
Published: 7.3.2018

 
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How to cite
Caraiola S, Jurcuț C, Dima A, Băicuș C, Băicuș A. Antiphosphatidylethanolamine Antibodies and Deep Vein Thrombosis in Lupus Patients with Antiphospholipid Syndrome. Rev Romana Med Lab. 2018;26(2):243-50. DOI:10.2478/rrlm-2018-0009