RRML - Gout, hyperuricemia and the metabolic syndrome
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Dr. Adrian Man

   
 
Nr. 20(3)/2012
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Gout, hyperuricemia and the metabolic syndrome

Mircea Cucuianu, Ioana Brudaşcă


Abstract:

Uric acid is a product of purine metabolism and hyperuricemia is considered to be the major etiological factor of gout. Actually, this metabolic arthritis is produced by the precipitation of monosodium urate monohydrate crystals within joints, triggering an inflammatory reaction. Hyperuricemia is offten associated with metabolic syndrome and may lead to vascular endothelial dysfunction, thereby contributing to cardiovascular and renal diseases. Mechanisms associating metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia imply an accelerated hepatic purine synthesis, related to hyperinsulinemia and enzyme induction. A high fructose intake was incriminated in the associated increased incidence of metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia. Insulin stimulated enhanced reabsorbtion of urate from the glomerular filtrate may also contribute to hyperuricemia, increasing the relative risk of death. Evidence was also provided that physiological concentration of uric acid would exert antioxidant effects, attenuating neuronal lesions caused by oxygen radicals, generated during an acute ischemic stroke and in cases of neurodegenerative disorders.

Keywords: gout,uric acid,metabolic syndrome,cardiovascular disease,antioxidant effects.

 
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How to cite
Cucuianu M, Brudaşcă I. Gout, hyperuricemia and the metabolic syndrome. Rev Romana Med Lab. 2012;20(3):199-206